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Welcome to the Journal of Extension

The Journal of Extension (JOE) creates opportunities for professionals and students to publish intellectual, creative work; nurtures emerging scholars and new authors for success; encourages professional development; and advances the theory and practice of Extension.

JOE is a rigorous, peer-reviewed journal that brings the scholarship of university outreach and engagement to educators and practitioners around the world. All submissions undergo initial review by the editor. If advanced by the editor, Feature, Research in Brief, and Ideas at Work submissions undergo double-blind peer review. Commentary and Tools of the Trade submissions are reviewed solely by the editor.

The acceptance rate for manuscripts submitted to JOE is currently 24.5%.

For more information about JOE, consult About JOE and JOE FAQs. For information about writing for JOE, consult Guidance for Authors and all associated materials and resources.

December 2017 Volume 55 Number 6

Editor's Page

The "Editorial Aspects of Program and Study Design" section of this Editor's Page presents two compelling reasons authors should consider editorial matters while developing programs and designing studies. "December JOE Highlights" draws attention to the plethora of articles in the issue devoted to the subject of new technologies and identifies other topics highlighted in the issue.


Necessary Role of Extension in Development of Agricultural Regulations
Infante-Casella, Michelle; Schilling, Brian
Extension professionals are often sought out to provide technical information for and consult on agricultural issues. However, it is not widely known that Extension professionals can fulfill an important niche in assisting with developing regulations. Indeed, there is no other organization better suited for this role. In the State of New Jersey, Extension faculty are appointed to regulatory boards and committees as neutral parties who can provide nonbiased, science-based information. Extension faculty in the state have become trusted resources related to providing information for legislated programs, such as right-to-farm regulations, and agricultural conflict resolution.

Research In Brief

Co-Parenting for Successful Kids: Impacts and Implications
Choi, Jeong-Kyun; Hatton-Bowers, Holly; Brand, Gail; Poppe, Lisa M.; Foged, Jaclynn

Breed and Supplementation Influence on Consumer Ratings of Ground Meat from Pasture-Raised Lamb
Nartea, Theresa J.; Wildeus, Stephan; Lee, Jung H.; O'Brien, Dahlia J.

New Extension Approaches to Serving Agricultural Media in Advancing Farm-Life Safety Communications
Heiberger, Scott; Evans, James F.

Ideas at Work

The Money Mentors Program: Increasing Financial Literacy in Utah Youths
Garcia, Zurishaddai A.; Francis, Dave; Christensen, Amanda; MacArthur, Stacey S.; Memmott, Margie; Hill, Paul A.

Tinkering with Technology: A Library Workshop to Support 4-H Youth Development
Hendrix, Beth; Williamson, Evan

Pioneering Extension Nutrition Education with iPad Apps: A Development Story
Parmer, Sondra M.; Struempler, Barb; Funderburk, Katie; Parmer, Greg

Tools of the Trade

Mobilizing Rural Communities to Prevent Childhood Obesity: A Tool Kit
Smathers, Carol A.; Lobb, Jennifer M.

Request for Support: A Tool for Strengthening Network Capacity
Bain, Jamie; Harden, Noelle; Heim, Stephanie

Using Survey IDs to Enhance Survey Research and Administration
Edgeley, Catrin M.

Reliability Analysis of the Adult Mentoring Assessment for Extension Professionals
Denny, Marina D'Abreau

Using Clickers for Data Collection for Enterprise Budgets
Singerman, Ariel

Field Day Success Loop
Comito, Jacqueline; Case Haub, Brandy; Stevenson, Nathan

Recognizing Linguistic Cues to Align Financial Coaching Strategies with the Transtheoretical Model of Change
Delgadillo, Lucy M.

Visionmaker.NYC: An Online Landscape Ecology Tool to Support Social-Ecological System Visioning and Planning
DuBois, Bryce; Allred, Shorna; Bunting-Howarth, Katherine; Sanderson, Eric W.; Giampieri, Mario

Engaging Participants Without Leaving the Office: Planning and Conducting Effective Webinars
Robinson, Julie; Poling, Mary

Organizational System for the LEGO WeDo 2.0 Robotics System
Dolecheck, Suzann Hagan; Ewers, Timothy

A Web-Based Chill Hours App for Fruit Growers
Stafne, Eric T.; Alexander, Kelli

Using Real Colors to Transform Organizational Culture
Roback, Paul


The Contribution of Urban 4-H to Social Capital and the Implications for Social Justice
Fields, Nia Imani
The idea that equal education exists in the United States is a misconception, and positive youth development programs are a proposed response to inequitable education. Youth development programs have the potential to increase one's social capital, particularly for youths who are marginalized by inequitable access to quality education. The study described here focused on the contribution of urban positive youth development to social capital and social justice. Findings indicate that 4-H initiatives related to social capital are reaching marginalized youths. However, barriers are preventing 4-H from reaching these youths adequately and/or consistently.

Establishing a Common Language: The Meaning of Research-Based and Evidence-Based Programming (in the Human Sciences)
Sellers, Debra M.; Schainker, Lisa M.; Lockhart, Peggy; Yeh, Hsiu Chen
This article describes the development, implementation, and exploratory evaluation of a professional development series that addressed educators' knowledge and use of the terms research-based and evidence-based within Human Sciences Extension and Outreach at one university. Respondents to a follow-up survey were more likely to select correctly the commonly accepted standard for each term, and they reported asking more questions, talking with others, examining programs' evidence bases, and placing more value on fidelity and evaluation following participation in the professional development series. Educator reactions to the series were generally positive, although researchers interested in designing like programs might consider engaging educators within the context of their preexisting knowledge levels.

Exploring Employee Readiness for Change in a State Extension System
Bloir, Kirk; Scheer, Scott D.
Understanding factors that influence employee readiness for change is essential for successful organizational change. We examined variables linked to employee readiness for change in one state's Extension system. Results revealed high-quality employee-supervisor relationships, neither high nor low levels of resistance to change, and somewhat high levels of readiness for change. Respondents with more years of service, more time working for their current supervisors, and greater resistance to change reported lower levels of readiness for change. We share implications in an effort to help increase successful organizational change efforts.

Preparing Future Professionals for Holistic Family and Consumer Sciences Programming
Franck, Karen; Wise, Dena; Penn, Allisen; Berry, Ann A.
It is critical that the value of Extension family and consumer sciences as a broadly focused profession be recognized both in and out of Extension. Establishing universally recognized competencies and assuring that agents possess those capabilities are vital steps to securing and maintaining the integrity of the profession and its value to those it serves. University of Tennessee Extension has developed a process for assessing basic competencies of newly hired agents and responding to their competency gaps with targeted training.

Understanding Predictors of Nutrient Management Practice Diversity in Midwestern Agriculture
Bates, Hanna; Arbuckle, J. Gordon Jr.
Agriculture's negative effect on water quality has become increasingly well documented. Farmers have a range of conservation practices available, yet rate of adoption is not optimal. Extension and other agricultural stakeholders play a key role in promotion of conservation practice adoption. We used survey data to examine relationships between farmers' integration in agricultural social networks and diversity of conservation practices used. Farmers who were more engaged in agricultural organizations and social networks tended to report greater diversity in nutrient best management practices. Conversely, less "connected" farmers reported less management practice diversity. Opportunities for Extension to engage with both groups exist.

Drones in Extension Programming: Implementation of Adult and Youth Activities
de Koff, Jason P.
The use of unmanned aircraft systems (UASs), or consumer drones, in agriculture has the potential to revolutionize the way certain farm practices are conducted and the way science, technology, engineering, and math principles can be taught. Currently, there is need for UAS training for both adults and youths, and that need will increase with the expected growth of the UAS industry. This article addresses the need to include UASs in Extension programming, the associated legalities, and the best types of UASs to use in such programming.

Examining Consumer Attitudes and Cultural Indicators Surrounding Local Food
Rumble, Joy N.; Lundy, Lisa K.
Many consumers are committed to buying local. With the study reported here, we aimed to advance understanding of the influence of culture in the local food movement. The study addressed the presence of cultural indicators in discussions about local food among a sample of Florida residents interested in local food. The influence of culture on participants' thoughts about local food was examined for the purpose of guiding communication and Extension programming surrounding local food. A qualitative thematic analysis revealed the influence of culture through the themes of tradition/ritual, family, local economy, trust, health and quality, experience with local food, and convenience.

Meeting Stakeholder Energy Technology Education Needs Using a Mobile Demonstration
de Koff, Jason P.; Ricketts, John C.; Robbins, Chris; Illukpitiya, Prabodh; Wade, Alvin
Understanding the impact of workshops that include mobile demonstrations for describing technical applications can be useful when planning an Extension program on new energy technologies. We used a mobile demonstration in a workshop that provided information on small-scale on-farm biodiesel production. Evaluation of the workshop outcomes identified significant increases in attendees' perceptions, awareness, interest, and knowledge related to the topic. On the basis of our process for planning and conducting the workshop and the results of the evaluation, we recommend implementing a well-distributed needs assessment and using a mobile demonstration to present technology that is economically feasible to use. The workshop we describe can be used as a model for other Extension programs.

The Journal of Extension

Debbie Allen
Journal of Extension

Eric Owens
Extension Journal, Inc.

Luann Boyer
Extension Journal, Inc.

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